Neuro Spine Rehabilitation Programme
What is neurological rehabilitation?
Neurological rehabilitation is a complex medical process which aims to aid recovery from nervous system injury, and to minimize and/or compensate for any functional alterations resulting from. Neurological rehabilitation is a doctor-supervised program designed for people with diseases, trauma, or disorders of the nervous system. Neurological rehabilitation can often improve function, reduce symptoms, and improve the well-being of the patient.
What conditions can benefit from neurological rehabilitation?
Injuries, infections, degenerative diseases, structural defects, tumors, and disorders in the circulatory system can impair the nervous system. Some of the conditions that may benefit from neurological rehabilitation may include, but are not limited to, the following:
Vascular disorders, such as ischemic strokes (caused by blood clots), hemorrhagic strokes (caused by bleeding in the brain), subdural hematoma, and transient ischemic attacks (TIAs) Infections, such as meningitis, encephalitis, polio, and brain abscesses Trauma, such as brain and spinal cord injury Structural or neuromuscular disorders,
such as Bell palsy, cervical spondylosis, carpal tunnel syndrome, brain or spinal cord tumors, peripheral neuropathy, muscular dystrophy, myasthenia gravis, and Guillain-Barré syndrom Functional disorders, such as headache, seizure disorder, dizziness, and neuralgia Degenerative disorders, such as Parkinson disease, multiple sclerosis,.
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), Alzheimer disease, and Huntington chorea
The neurological rehabilitation team
Neurological rehabilitation programs can be conducted on an inpatient or outpatient basis. Many skilled professionals are part of the neurological rehabilitation team, including any or all of the following:
- Orthopedist/orthopedic surgeon
- Other specialty doctors
- Rehabilitation specialists
- Registered dietitian
- Physical therapist
- Occupational therapist
- Speech/language therapist
- Social worker
- Recreational therapist
- Case manager
- Vocational counselor
The neurological rehabilitation program
A neurological rehabilitation program is designed to meet the needs of the individual patient, depending on the specific problem or disease. Active involvement of the patient and family is vital to the success of the program. The goal of neurological rehabilitation is to help the patient return to the highest level of function and independence possible, while improving the overall quality of life — physically, emotionally, and socially.
- EEG video monitoring
- EMG nerve conduction studies
- 24-hour ambulatory EEGs
- Visually Evoked Potentials ( VEPs)
- Brainstem auditory evoked potentials (BAEPs)
- Somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEPs)
Neurorehabilitation works with the skills and attitudes of the disabled person and their family and friends. It promotes their skills to work at the highest level of independence possible for them. It also encourages them to rebuild self-esteem and a positive mood. Thus, they can adapt to the new situation and become empowered for successful and committed community reintegration. Neurorehabilitation should be:
It should cater for the physical, cognitive, psychological, social and cultural dimensions of the personality, stage of progress and lifestyle of both the patient and their family.
Customized health care strategies should be developed, focused on the patient (and family).
Care-plans should be designed and implemented by multidisciplinary teams made up of highly qualified and motivated practitioners experienced in multidisciplinary teamwork.
The patient and their family’s active cooperation is essential. The patient and family must be well-informed, and a trusting relationship with the multidisciplinary team must be built.
Treatment must aim at empowering the patient to maximise independence, and to reduce physical impairment and reliance on mobility aids.
The patient’s various needs throughout their life must be catered for, by ensuring continuity of care all the way through from injury onset to the highest possible level of recovery of function. This may include addressing medical complications of the injury or illness later in life.
It is necessary to look for the solutions best adapted to the specific characteristics of the community and to further the creation of community resources favouring the best possible community reintegration of the disabled person.